Not all of us are familiar or keen on the technicalities and the other aspects of a microphone and often times we encounter a wide range of different variants and types of it that has varied prices depending on its specifications. The large volume of microphones specifications and its features are deemed to be confusing for a regular customer who left us the minimal knowledge to compare brands and models aside from price comparison.

What we are aware of is that the more expensive the microphone is, the higher quality it is made off but we are not also aware of that there are also brands and types of microphones that are in great quality with a cheaper price and all we need to do is make a little research.

types of microphone functions

A lot of these microphones are prototype or duplicates the basic structures of microphones which costs ten folds that is why understanding the different types of microphone functions can help you in buying the microphone that suits your needs but it all boils down on how you are planning to use it for because not all microphones have the same function that is why you should be very specific in buying microphones. So here are some buyers guide on over head mics and other types of microphones available in the market.


This is the most important thing that you should be thinking of right now. You should know how you plan to use the microphone whether it will be used onstage for vocals or for instrument or maybe for recording and other purposes. Microphones have certain specifications depending on the environment it will be used.


Another important matter that must be taken into consideration is you must be knowledgeable of the microphone’s specifications so that you can determine the differences of the microphones that you are trying to compare and also to determine the microphone’s capacity and performance to use it according to its specifications. Here are some of the specifications that you must know; polar patterns, multi-pattern microphones, frequency response, response curves, sensitivity and Sound Pressure Level or SPL handling capability, and proximity effect.


There are two types of microphones, the dynamic and the condenser which has different functions and characteristics and has different uses as well. Dynamic microphones are commonly used for onstage while the condensers are used for recording. Dynamic microphones are used for live performances in an open environment while the condenser microphones are the sensitive and delicate type that is used for studio recording.


Microphones have different power requirements especially the wireless microphones. The bigger power capacity it needs, the more powerful that microphone is. Most microphones that are hooked up to an amplifier or a sound system depend on the device’s power capacity while wireless microphone depends on the battery capacity it has.